Australia, its history and location.
Australia, legally known as the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign nation that is one of the property of Oceania. It is the major continental mass in which occupies the Sahul platform and is between the Indian, Antarctic and Pacific Glaciers oceans; it really is separated from Asia through the oceans of Timor And Arafura. It borders on the nations Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the northern part, the Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and the French dependency of New Caledonia to the northeast, and New Zealand To The Southeast Region.
So how exactly does historic past of Australia start?
The history of Australia goes back to the time men came on its land the first time. Australian aborigines came with vessel from the southeast of the Eurasian continent approximately 60,000 years ago, however, the date is in debate given that Australian prehistory is considered to be several years more extensive since there are no writings of human events prior to contact with Europeans. And, also, about 1,000,000 aborigines already lived in the area after they colonized it.
It is said that Australia was discovered in the 16th century through Portuguese And Soanish Sailors, however they held the information secret for strategic reasons. Then, Dutch explorers made the very first sighting a century later. However, they deemed it an uninhabitable property that wasn’t appropriate for colonization and left free passing to later British “”.
Captain James Cook.
Even though there had been some other European incursions before, what exactly is considered as the most satisfactory discovery of Australia was done in the Eighteenth century by the English captain James Cook, who landed in 1770, acquired the territory for the English crown and got possession of the Southeast of the tropical island in the identity of the king of England.
Cook’s breakthroughs and the acknowledgement of his reports through English authorities, made possible the first European settlement on the place, therefore it is typical to hear that Cook is the discoverer of the the southern area of land, although the real breakthrough discovery occurred over A HUNDRED AND SIXTY years prior to his trip.
England was especially interested in Australia for the reason that found it as a possible answer to the problem of overpopulation that they suffered at that time due to the loss of the THIRTEEN American colonies and it was thought to transfer a portion of its residents there. For that reason, on March 13, 1787, 11 1st Fleet ships left Portsmouth, England, towards Botany Bay, Australia . By doing so, colonists arrived and inhabited the region while displacing aborigines due to the confiscation of the lands and illnesses.
It has become a Federation.
As soon as the 20th century came, Australia didn’t exist as a nation: it contained a conglomerate of autonomous states and colonies. But in 1901, the Six different state governments arranged in a referendum to turn into a federation and they selected the common flag that right now is still the flag of Australia.
Following the formation of Australia as a country, it was intended to impose a legislation on immigration management. Nevertheless, when World War II completed, a number of migrants coming from different areas found its way to the country and, at the moment, it has become the home of people from various regions of the earth.
Source: visa Australia